One cause, different effects

ImageOften we behave as if we think that a cause can only have one effect, while in fact it can have many. The type of effect depends on what else there is, besides the cause. In other words, it’s a matter of context. Continue reading


Understanding causation by way of failure

ImageHow do we learn about causation? David Hume thought that we do so from observing two types of events always co-occurring. Whenever the first event occurs, the second event follows, and from this we infer that the first event causes the second. Causation is then marked by regular, law-like behaviour. Continue reading